Shiro an is a basic ingredient for making wagashi, or Japanese tea sweets. This white bean paste can be colored, hand formed, molded and manipulated and used in many. many different ways to make different kinds of wagashi.
When I was learning to make this, Minako sensei said to make a big batch, because it takes too much work to make just a little bit. You can divide up the bean paste into smaller, usable batches and freeze them in individual bags, then thaw just a smaller amount for what you need. It took me all day to make this batch.
Good bean paste starts with good beans. I use organic lima beans. You can use any kind of white beans to start. Sort and discard any broken, misshapen or discolored beans. Put them in a large pot or bowl and cover with cold water and soak them overnight.
The next day, when the beans have softened, take the skins off. I also remove the little nub or sprout because it makes for smoother bean paste. You can certainly compost the bean skins, or put them in the blender and use them for filler for bread, meatloaf etc.
After you have removed all the skins, put them in a pot and cover with cold water and bring to a simmer over medium heat
As the beans come to a boil, skim off the foam that comes to the top. When the water comes to a simmer (not full boil), change the water by dipping it out with a plastic container and replacing it with fresh cold water. Do this 3-4 times or until the water is no longer discolored. Bring to a simmer, dip out the hot water, replace with cold water.
Continue to simmer until the beans fall apart. This may take longer than you think it will.
I then pour the bean slush into the blender and pulse it a couple of times to make sure all the beans are broken up and smooth. You can also use a food mill, sieve or food processor.
Pour the slush back into the pot or a large bowl and let the bean paste settle.
You will see the two layers begin to separate after about 10 minutes. Pour off the top layer of discolored liquid, and refill the pot with fresh cold water.
Let the mixture settle and pour off the top layer. Do this many times. How many? Until the top layer becomes clear. Sometimes I have done it as many as 10 times. The paste settles faster as the toip layer is poured off with lighter material. When the top layer is clear, put a muslin jelly bag over a strainer in the sink, (or I just use a clean flour sack towel). Pour the bean mixture into the bag, drain and then squeeze out or wring as much water as you can. The more water you can squeeze out, the less time the next step will take. The pste should be dry. Good, now you have unsweetened bean paste called nama an and we are half-way done.
Weigh out the bean paste and return to the pot (without the jelly bag or flour sack towel).
I don’t like my sweets too sweet, so I use one third of the weight of the bean paste and measure that amount of sugar. Put all of the sugar and half of the bean paste in the pot and heat over medium-low heat stirring constantly. As the sugar melts, the mixture will get very thin.
When the mixture begins to boil, add the rest of the bean paste. Keep cooking over medium heat, stirring constantly to prevent sticking and burning. It will begin to thicken
The moisture content will var accoring to the ultimate use. Dryer for molding, stickier for kinton.
Remove from the heat and distribute in small mounds to a well-wrung, damp, lint-free dish towel and cover to cool.
This white bean paste can be frozen for up to 3 months if double wrapped and sealed tightly.
When I thaw the bean paste, I put it in the microwave to thaw and warm it. To make it pliable and easier to work with, knead in a damp dish towel. You can then color it, form it, add other ingredients and use with other ingredients to make you favorite wagashi.